GOST 12.1.044-89材料的火灾和爆炸危险性

GOST 12.1.044-89 Fire and explosion hazard of substances and materials. Range of indices and methods of their determination.

(CMEA Standard 4831-84,CMEA Standard 6219-88,International Standard ISO4589,CMEA Standard 6527-88)

GOST 12.1.044-89材料的火灾和爆炸危险性-指标范围和测试方法

GOST 12.1.044-89俄罗斯GOST系列防火标准前言 

轨道交通领域对材料的阻燃要求更加严格,各国的要求也有所不同。当前最具代表性的标准有欧盟EN 45545-2,德标DIN5510,英标BS6853,法标NF F16-101,铁标TB/T3237,美标NFPA130,意大利UNI CEI 11170-3,俄罗斯GOST 12.1.044-89等等。

GOST 12.1.044-89俄罗斯GOST系列防火标准 标准概述

GOST 12.1.044-89本标准适用于基础材料,聚合混合物,包括聚合物和复合材料等。但该标准不适用于易爆和放射性的物质。GOST 12.1.044-89标准规定了材料的火灾和爆炸危险性的指标范围和测试方法 。

GOST 12.1.044-89 – 橡胶材料(举例) 


2.1   可燃烧测试GOST 30244-94

2.14烟密度测试 GOST 12.1.044-89

2.15火焰蔓延测试 GOST 51032-9

2.16 毒性测试 GOST 12.1.044-89


C: 1,2,3,4

F: 1,2,3,4

S: 1,2,3,4

T: 1,2,3,4

GOST 12.1.044-89俄罗斯GOST系列防火标准测试参考

2.1 Combustibility

2.2 Flash point

2.3 Ignition point

2.4 Self-ignition point

2.5 Concentration limits of flame spreading

2.6 Temperature limits of flame spreading

2.7 Smoldering point

2.8 Conditions of thermal Self-ignition

2.9 Minimum ignition energy

2.10 Oxygen index

2.11 Ability to explode and burn upon interaction with water, air oxygen and etc

2.12 Normal speed of flame spreading

2.13 Burn-up speed

2.14 Fume evolution coefficient

2.15 Index of flame spreading

2.16 Toxicity indicator of combustion products of polymeric materials

2.17 Minimum retarding concentration of a retarder

2.17 Minimum explosive

2.18 Minimum explosive content of oxygen

2.19 Maximum explosion pressure

2.20 Rate of explosion pressure rise


GOST 30402-96 Rate inflammability of construction materials

GOST 30402-96 建筑材料的燃烧速率测试

GOST Р 51032-97 Test Method for floor and roof coverings against flame spread

GOST Р 51032-97 铺地和屋顶材料的火焰蔓延测试

GOST 30244-94 Combustibility test of construction materials

GOST 30244-94 建筑材料可燃性测试

GOST 12.1.044-89 Determine toxicity indices of polymeric materials’ combustion products

GOST 12.1.044-89 聚合物材料燃烧产物的毒性指数测试

GOST 27484-87 / GOST 28779-90 Test Method for electric insulating materials and electrical equipment with a needle-shaped flame torch and a Bunsen burner

GOST 27484-87 / GOST 28779-90 电绝缘材料和电气设备测试

GOST Р МЭК 60332-3-10-2005 Test cables of bunch group laying against flame non-spread

GOST Р МЭК 60332-3-10-2005 电线电缆成束燃烧测试

GOST Р МЭК 332-1-96 Test a single rise cable against flame non-spread

GOST Р МЭК 332-1-96 电线电缆单根燃烧测试

GOST 30244-94 Test construction materials against incombustibility

GOST 30244-94 建筑材料不燃性测试

GOST 12.1.044-89 Determine a smoke generation index of solid substances and materials

GOST 12.1.044-89 材料的烟雾密度测试方法

GOST of Russia Test a building structure against fire resistance

俄罗斯GOST标准 建材耐燃性测试